Constitution & Bylaws


Certificate of Incorporation No. S-22585



1. The name of the society is “Canadian Toy Train Association”.

2. The purpose of the Association is to promote interest and education in the field of toy train collecting and operating through regular meetings and bulletins.


PART 1 — Interpretation

1. In these bylaws, unless the context otherwise requires,

a) ‘directors’ means the directors of the association for the time being;
b) ‘Society Act’ means the Society Act of the Province of British Columbia from time to time in force and all amendments to it;
c) ‘registered address’ of a member means his address as recorded in the register of members.
d) The definitions of the Society Act on the date these bylaws become effective apply to these bylaws.

2. Words imparting the singular include the plural and vice versa; and the words imparting a male person include a female person and a corporation.

PART 2 — Membership

1. The members of the association are the applicants for incorporation of the association, and those persons who subsequently have become members, in accordance with these bylaws and, in either case, have not ceased to be members.

2. A person may apply to the directors for membership in the association and on acceptance by the directors shall be a member.

3. Every member shall uphold the constitution and comply with these bylaws.

4. The amount of the first annual membership dues shall be determined by the directors and after that the annual membership dues shall be determined at the annual general meeting of the association.

5. A person shall cease to be a member of the association
a) by delivering his resignation in writing to the secretary of the association or by mailing or delivering it to the address of the association;
b) on his death or in the case of a corporation on dissolution;
c) on being expelled; or
d) on having been a member not in good standing for 12 consecutive months.

6. a) A member may be expelled by a special resolution of the members passed at a general meeting.
b) The notice of special resolution for expulsion shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the reason or reasons for the proposed expulsion.
c) The person who is the subject of the proposed resolution for expulsion shall be given an opportunity to be heard at the general meeting before the special resolution is put to a vote.

7. All members are in good standing except a member who has failed to pay his current annual membership fee or any other subscription or debt due and owing by him to the association and he is not in good standing so long as the debt remains unpaid.

8. Membership shall be open to any person 16 years of age, or older.

PART 3 – Meetings of Members

1. General meetings of the association shall be held at the time and place, in accordance with the Society Act, that the directors decide.

2. Every general meeting, other than an annual general meeting, is an extraordinary general meeting.

3. The directors may, when they think fit, convene an extraordinary general meeting.

4. Notice of a general meeting shall specify the place, day and hour of meeting, and, in the case of special business, the general nature of that business.

a) The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, or the non-receipt of a notice by, any of the members entitled to receive notice does not invalidate proceedings at that meeting.

5. The first annual general meeting of the association shall be held not more than 15 months after the date of incorporation and after that an annual general meeting shall be held at least once in every calendar year and not more than 15 months after holding of the last preceding annual general meeting.

6. Members are entitled to bring guests in accordance with the following conditions:
a) member must be in good standing;
b) prior approval must be obtained from the executive for guests under age 16.
c) guests and sponsor members must pay the usual meeting fee.
d) guests may not attend more than 3 general meetings before applying for membership in the association.

7. The annual association dues are set at the annual general meeting by the membership, and are due and payable by October 1st of each calendar year.

8. Annual dues and meeting fees may only be changed by a majority vote of the members present at any general meeting.

PART 4 – Proceedings at General Meetings

1. Roberts Rules of Order, most recent edition, shall apply in the conducting of business.

2. Special business is:

a) all business at an extraordinary general meeting except the adoption of rules of order; and
b) all business transacted at an annual general meeting, except
i) the adoption of rules of order;
ii) the consideration of the financial statements;
iii) the report of the directors;
iv) the report of the auditor, if any;
v) the election of directors;
vi) the appointment of the auditor, if required; and
vii) the other business that, under these bylaws, ought to be transacted at an annual general meeting, or business which is brought under consideration by the report of the directors issued with the notice convening the meeting.

3. Quorum

a) No business, other than the election of a chairman and the adjournment or termination of the meeting, shall be conducted at a general meeting at a time when a quorum is not present.
b) If at any time during a general meeting there ceases to be a quorum present, business then in progress shall be suspended until there is a quorum present or until the meeting is adjourned or terminated.
c) A quorum is 20% of the membership or whatever number that the members may determine at a general meeting but shall not be less than three (3) persons.

4. If within 30 minutes from the time appointed for a general meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of members, shall be terminated; but in any other case, it shall stand adjourned to the next general meeting, at the same time and place, and if, at the adjourned meeting, a quorum is not present within 30 minutes from the time appointed for the meeting, the members present constitute a quorum.

5. Subject to Part 4 – Bylaw 6, the president of the association, the vice president or in the absence of both, one of the other directors present, shall preside as chairman of a general meeting.

6. If at a general meeting

a) there is no president, vice president or other director present within 15 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting; or
b) the president and all other directors present are unwilling to act as chairman;
then the members present shall choose one of their number to be chairman.

7. Adjournment

a) A general meeting may be adjourned from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at an adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.
b) When a meeting is adjourned for 10 days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of the original meeting.
c) Except as provided in this bylaw, it is not necessary to give notice of an adjournment or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned general meeting.

8. Resolutions

a) Resolutions proposed at a meeting must be seconded and the chairman of a meeting may move or propose a resolution.
b) In case of an equality of votes the chairman shall not have a casting or second vote in addition to the vote to which he may be entitled as a member and the proposed resolution shall not pass.

9. Voting

a) A member in good standing present at a meeting of members is entitled to one vote.
b) Voting is by show of hands unless the membership calls for a secret ballot.
c) Voting by proxy is permitted and said proxy must be in writing, as follows:
i) The proxy shall be delivered to the Secretary of the association before or at the time for holding the meeting at which the person named in the proxy proposes to vote, and in default the instrument of proxy shall not be treated as valid.
ii) An instrument appointing a proxy may be in the following form, or in any other form that the directors shall approve;

I, __________________ of __________________ in the province/ state of ________________, hereby appoint _________________ of_________________ as my proxy to vote for me and on my behalf at the (Annual or Special, as the case may be) General Meeting of the Association to be held on the _________ day of ______________, 20____, and at any adjournment thereof.

___________________________ (signature)

PART 5 – Directors and Officers

1. a) The directors may exercise all the powers and do all the acts and things that the association may exercise and do, and which are not by these bylaws or by stature or otherwise lawfully directed or required to be exercised or done by the association in general meeting, but subject, nevertheless, to
i) all laws affecting the association;
ii) these bylaws; and
iii) rules, not being inconsistent with these bylaws, which are made from time to time by the association in general meeting.
b) No rule, made by the association in general meeting, invalidates a prior act of the directors that would have been valid if that rule had not been made.

2. a) The past president, president, vice president, secretary and treasurer and two other persons shall be the directors of the association.
b) The number of directors shall be seven (7) or a greater number determined from time to time at an annual general meeting.

3. The directors shall retire from office at each annual general meeting when their successors shall be elected.
a) Separate elections shall be held for each office to be filled.
b) An election may be by acclamation, otherwise it shall be by ballot.
c) If no successor is elected the person previously elected or appointed continues to hold office.

4. The directors may at any time and from time to time appoint a member as a director to fill a vacancy in the directors.
a) A director so appointed holds office only until the conclusion of the next following annual general meeting of the association, but is eligible for re-election at that meeting.

5. If a director resigns his office or otherwise ceases to hold office, the remaining directors shall appoint a member to take the place of the former director.
a) No act or proceeding of the directors is invalid only by reason of there being less than the prescribed number of directors in office.

6. The members may by special resolution remove a director before the expiration of his term of office, and may elect a successor to complete the term of office.

7. No director shall be remunerated for being or acting as a director but a director may be reimbursed for all expenses necessarily and reasonably incurred by him while engaged in the affairs of the association.

8. Nominations to the board of directors shall be;
a) accepted commencing at the meeting prior to the annual general meeting and continues up to election time; and
b) a nominating committee shall be appointed by the president at least 60 days before the annual meeting and it shall consist of the past president, who will act as chairman and two members in good standing who are not directors or officers.

PART 6 – Proceedings of Directors

1. a) The directors may meet together at the places they see fit to dispatch business, adjourn and otherwise regulate their meetings and proceedings, as they see fit.
b) The directors may from time to time fix the quorum necessary to transact business, and unless so fixed the quorum shall be a majority of the directors then in office.
c) The president shall be chairman of all meetings of the directors, but if at a meeting the president is not present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the vice president shall act as chairman; but if neither is present the directors present may choose one of their number to be chairman at the meeting.
d) A director may at any time, and the secretary, on the request of a director, shall, convene a meeting of the directors.

2. a) The directors may delegate any, but not all, of their powers to committees consisting of the director or directors as they think fit.
b) A committee so formed in the exercise of the powers so delegated shall conform to any rules imposed on it by the directors, and shall report every act or thing done in exercise of those powers to the earliest meeting of the directors to be held next after it has been done.

3. A committee shall elect a chairman of its members; but if no chairman is elected, or if at a meeting the chairman is not present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the directors present who are members of the committee shall choose one of their number to be chairman of the meeting.

4. The members of a committee may meet and adjourn as they think proper.

5. For a first meeting of directors held immediately following the appointment or election of a director or directors at an annual or other general meeting of members, or for a meeting of the directors at which a director is appointed to fill a vacancy in the directors, it is not necessary to give notice of the meeting to the newly elected or appointed director or directors for the meeting to be constituted, if a quorum of the directors is present.

6. A director who may be absent temporarily from British Columbia may send or deliver to the address of the association a waiver of notice, which may be by letter, telegram, telex or cable, of any meeting of the directors and may at any time withdraw the waiver, and until the waiver is withdrawn,
a) no notice of meeting of directors shall be sent to that director; and
b) any and all meetings of the directors of the association, notice of which had not been given to that director shall, if a quorum of the directors is present, be valid and effective.

7. Questions arising at a meeting of the directors and committee of directors shall be decided by a majority of votes.
a) The chairman shall only cast his vote in the case of a tie.

8. No resolutions proposed at a meeting of directors or committee of directors need be seconded and the chairman of a meeting may move or propose a resolution.

9. A resolution in writing, signed by all directors and placed with the minutes of the directors is as valid and effective as if regularly passed at a meeting of directors.

PART 7 – Duties of Officers

1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the association and of the directors.
a) The president is the chief executive officer of the association and shall supervise the other officers in the execution of their duties.

2. The vice president shall carry out the duties of the president during his absence.

3. The secretary shall

a) conduct the correspondence of the association;
b) issue notices of meetings of the association and directors;
c) keep minutes of all meetings of the association and directors;
d) have custody of all records and documents of the association except those required to be kept by the treasurer;
e) have custody of the common seal of the association; and
f) maintain the register of members.

4. The treasurer shall

a) keep the financial records, including books of account, necessary to comply with the Society Act; and
b) render financial statements to the directors, members and others when required.

5. In the absence of the secretary from a meeting, the directors shall appoint another person to act as secretary at the meeting.

PART 8 — Seal

1. The directors may provide a common seal for the association and may destroy a seal and substitute a new seal in its place.

2. The common seal shall be affixed only when authorized by a resolution of the directors and then only in the presence of the persons prescribed in the resolution, or if no persons are prescribed, in the presence of the president and secretary or president and secretary-treasurer.

PART 9 — Borrowing

1. In order to carry out the purposes of the association the directors may, on behalf of and in the name of the association, raise or secure the payment or repayment of money in the manner they decide, and, in particular but without limiting the foregoing, by the issue of debentures.

2. No debenture shall be issued without the sanction of a special resolution.

3. The members may be special resolution restrict the borrowing powers of the directors, but a restriction imposed expires at the next annual general meeting.

PART 10 – Notices to Members

1. A notice may be given to a member personally, or by mail to him at his registered address, or electronically.

2. A notice sent by mail shall be deemed to have been given on the second day following that on which the notice is posted, and in proving that notice has been given it is sufficient to prove the notice was properly addressed and put in a Canadian post office receptacle.

3. Notice of a general meeting shall be given to every member shown on the register of members on the day notice is given.
a) No other person is entitled to receive a notice of general meeting.

PART 11 — Bylaws

1. On being admitted to membership, each member is entitled to and the association shall give to him, without charge, a copy of the constitution and bylaws of the association.

2. These bylaws shall not be altered or added to except by special resolution at the annual general meeting or a special general meeting.

3. Amendments must be submitted to the membership at least two weeks prior to the annual general meeting or special general meeting at which a vote on the amendments will be conducted.
Dated this 27th day of January, 2013.
__________________________________________, Secretary, CTTA